The United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa (UNU-INRA) has the pleasure to invite the general public to a seminar. The aim is to share information with stakeholders on a research conducted by one of the Institute’s visiting scholars.
Date: Wednesday, 21st October, 2015
Time: 10 -11 am
Venue: UNU-INRA Office, 2nd Floor, International House, University of Ghana campus, Legon, Accra
Climate Change Induced Migration and its Implications for the Development of SMEs and the Protection of Rural Livelihoods in Nigeria.
Rural households adopt several adaptation measures in order to deal with climate variations and related environmental damage. The study set out to examine migration as an adaptation to climate change. Using the Farming and Rural Systems Approach and a multistage random sampling technique, 120 households were selected from the rural areas of Bende Local Government Area of Abia state in Nigeria. Clustering procedure yielded 3 farming systems: The Resource Poor Labor Intensive system (RPLI), the Resource Rich Labor Intensive system (RRLI) and the Resource Poor Non-Labor Intensive system (RPNLI).
The results show that RRLI is the most economically viable of the three systems and has a relatively better standard of living although it is dependent on other resource owners in the community for land. Several households in each system have Climate Change-Induced Migrants (CC-IM) but the RPNLI has the largest proportion, 52 per cent. The system is also the least food secured, has the largest proportion of female headed households and is the most vulnerable of the 3 systems. The climate shocks that induced migration include floods, erosion, crop loss and increase pest and disease invasion as an aftermath of climate variability. Most of the migrants were economically viable and were able to send food, clothing and money back home.
About the Speaker
Dr. Oluwafunmiso Adeola Olajide is a lecturer in the Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. She specialized in Farming and Rural Systems Economics and her research interests include Food Security, Living Standard, Climate Change and Gender issues. She is a member of African Association of Agricultural Economist. She has over 30 publications including books, journal articles, chapter in a book and conference articles in both local and international media.
Communications and PR Associate, UNU-INRA